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Pengertian, Prinsip dan Tujuan Kesehatan Masyarakat

Minggu, 02 Desember 2012 | 7komentar

 Menurut Winslow, yang di maksud dengan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat adalah suatu ilmu dan keterampilan untuk mencegah penyakit, memperpanjang masa hidup, memelihara kesehatan jasmani dan rohani dengan jalan usaha masyarakat yang terorganisir untuk penyehatan lingkungan, pemberantasan penyakit menular, pendidikan setiap orang dalam prinsip-prinsip kesehatan perorangan.

Prinsip-Prinsip Kesehatan Masyarakat 

Agar usaha kesehatan masyarakat dapat terlaksana dengan baik ada beberapa prinsip pokok yang harus terpenuhi, yaitu :

1. Usaha kesehatan masyarakat lebih mengutamakan pencegahan (preventif)
    daripada pengobatan (kuratif).
2. Dalam melaksanakan melaksanakan tindakan pencegahan selalu menggunakan
    cara-cara yang ringan biaya dan berhasil baik
3. Melaksanakan kegiatannya lebih menitik beratkan kepada masyarakat.
4. Dalam melibatkan masyarakat sebagai pelaku maka sasaran yang diutamakan
    adalah masyarakat yang terorganisir.
5. Lebih mengutamakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang jika tidak segera
   diatasi akan menimbulkan malapetaka.

Tujuan Kesehatan Masyarakat

Tujuan Umum :
Terciptanya keadaan lingkungan yang sehat, terberantasnya penyakit menular, meningkatnya pengetahuan masyarakat tentang prinsip-prinsip kesehatan perseorangan, tersedianya berbagai usaha keseehatan yang dibutuhkan masyarakat yang terorganisir dan terlibatnya badan-badan kemasyarakatan dalam usaha kesehatan.

Tujuan Akhir :
Terciptanya jaminan bagi tiap individu masyarakat untuk mencapai suatu derajat hidup yang cukup guna untuk mempertahankan kesehatan.

sumber : Buku IKM Kelas X | Pilar Media
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